Cambridge, a world-renowned seat of learning, is synonymous with research and teaching excellence. 许多教员都是他们所在领域的领导者, 导演尖端研究, 为顶级企业和政府提供咨询.
剑桥吸引了英国25%的风险投资 创业中心. 它周围环绕着科技园、孵化器和创新中心. 这些网站上有很多初创公司, technology businesses and UK subsidiaries of major multinationals attracted by the city’s lively, 协作的社区.
许多企业都与这所大学有联系. Over 1,600家公司雇佣了30多名员工,000 people have been created as a result of the collaboration between academia and the private sector. 这就是所谓的剑桥现象.
树莓派是一台信用卡大小的电脑. It does everything that a conventional computer could do, but it’s very small and it’s very cheap. 这个想法最初来自剑桥的计算机实验室. 计算机实验室一直在培养计算机科学家, I guess, 这是50年来最好的时光. 大约五年前, some of us there realised that every year the number of students– the number of 17-year-olds, 申请学习计算机科学的18岁学生人数逐年下降, from a peak of maybe 500 a year for 80 places– 500 people applying for 80 places in the mid 1990s, 五年前，在同样数量的地方，可能只有250人.
同时, 那些年轻人一进门就知道该怎么做的事情, 这一比例也在下降. So we’d gone from an environment where you could assume that everyone had done some programming, 每个人都做过相当复杂的编程, 汇编语言程序设计, 图形编程, maybe, in 1995, to an environment where many of the people we were admitting had only maybe done a little bit of web design, 运气好的话，也许还能做点网络编程.
当然，这对推荐一个正规滚球网站来说是一个真正的问题. It was a problem for the university because the university wants to find a good supply of potential candidates, and it doesn’t want to have to spend time in the first year bringing people up to speed. 你已经学了三年的课程，所以能够很快地开始学习是件好事. 三年后，这对大学来说是个问题，对企业来说也是个问题.
推荐一个正规滚球网站最初的目标是儿童的树莓派. Obviously the goal was to increase the number of applicants for computer science at university, 所以孩子是明显的目标. 我想在2011年5月推荐一个正规滚球网站宣布了这个消息之后. After we announced, we found that there were two other markets that we hadn’t originally anticipated. One of them is, 我猜你可以称之为, 黑客社区, 什么有时被称为创客社区.
这些是成年人, maybe people from 20 up who already know a little bit about technology and want to build projects. 这已经是一个庞大而充满活力的社区. 有一个平台叫做Arduino，来自意大利. 有一个叫做BeagleBoard的平台，来自美国. 这两种都很受这些人的欢迎. And I think people in that community saw Raspberry Pi as a way of getting a Beagle Board-like feature set. 这个设备的售价是150美元相当于Arduino的价格. 推荐一个正规滚球网站的价格和Arduino非常相似. 所以它是两个世界中最好的，既功能强大又便宜. 这是两个市场中的一个.
The other market that I guess we should have anticipated was the developing world market. 推荐一个正规滚球网站已经有了巨大的兴趣，特别是来自金砖四国. 俄罗斯对推荐一个正规滚球网站很感兴趣, 巴西对推荐一个正规滚球网站很感兴趣, 最后一点来自印度和中国, 还有很多来自非洲和南美其他地区的兴趣, 撒哈拉以南非洲的很多兴趣, 有人认为这是一种, in communities where there are already televisions– there are a lot of places in the world where people have televisions but they don’t necessarily have computers. 就像80年代的Commodore 64或ZX Spectrum, 你可以把它看成是一种转动电视机的机器, 你已经拥有了, into a computer. People see us in the same way because we’re designed to plug into a television and use a television as a display device.
我想是读MBA吧, we had this idea, we had, I guess, 的技术能力, but one of the things that was missing really was perhaps some of the ways of thinking about how to turn that into an actual business. 我过去做过一点生意, 但肯定没有在这种量产的物理设备制造商. 我过去做过软件生意. But one of the things that the Exec MBA course helped me to understand was just to think about what we were doing in a more structured way, 而不是敷衍了事, 想想推荐一个正规滚球网站如何为设备开发品牌, 想想推荐一个正规滚球网站是如何与合作伙伴合作的, thinking about how we deal with some of the challenges that come with being a not-for-profit and therefore being restricted in the ways that you can raise capital. At the same time, it was trying to get a very, very large number of devices out into the wild.
我发现自己可能在课程进行到一半的时候，感觉就像, 我有这个想法，现在感觉我有足够的知识来做些什么. 我只是坐在那里，有点烦躁，想要开始这个项目. 这是2011年4月emba课程结束时的情况, 然后推荐一个正规滚球网站在5月份就开始了. 因此，我mba毕业后休假的希望在工作中逐渐破灭，并没有真正实现. 头六个月, 推荐一个正规滚球网站非常希望能够在英国生产. We put an enormous amount of effort into cost optimising the design to make sure that we could do that.
但我想推荐一个正规滚球网站可能在10月份就明白了, November of last year was that the entire global supply chain is set up to support manufacturing finished goods, 尤其是中国南方的电子产品成品. 所以所有的组件都在那里，所有的供应商都在那里. 如果你想在其他地方生产的话, what you find is that you’re air freighting in or sea freighting in components from southern China anyway, 所以你的交货期会增加, your costs go up. And I think in the end what we discovered was that the volumes we’re talking about here, 推荐一个正规滚球网站可以在英国以零利润经营制造业务.
所以推荐一个正规滚球网站可以在英国生产，但推荐一个正规滚球网站不会在设备上赚到任何钱. Now, 这并不一定是一场灾难，因为你还可以做其他事情, 你还可以利用其他收入来源. 但我确实觉得这是不可持续的, that wasn’t going to allow the foundation to pursue its educational goals because producing the hardware is only one part of what the foundation is trying to do. The foundation’s stated goal is to promote education, and the hardware is a means to an end. 推荐一个正规滚球网站发现, 因为推荐一个正规滚球网站做了成本优化工作, 推荐一个正规滚球网站可以在中国南方有很好的利润, 进口到英国, 从那里开始工作. But yeah, it is a disappointment because it had been one of the– I guess one of our secondary goals had been to be able to do that, 很遗憾推荐一个正规滚球网站没能做到.
人们经常问推荐一个正规滚球网站，在当前的两个版本之后，推荐一个正规滚球网站将做什么, 在16磅和22磅的版本之后. 推荐一个正规滚球网站一直非常非常谨慎，不谈论未来的产品. The industry is littered with the remains of companies that talked up future products and killed their current set of products. 我想人们常用的动词是“奥斯本”, 1980年代的一家电脑公司就是这么做的. I think it announced a product six months in the future and managed to kill the cash flow that would’ve paid to develop the product. 显然，推荐一个正规滚球网站想继续下去.
推荐一个正规滚球网站有一种设备，它在很多领域都非常有用. It’s extremely good at multimedia, so it’s extremely good at graphics, it’s extremely good at video. I think we would like to see products in the future which perhaps start to approach the performance of a modern desktop PC. 我认为在这样的价格范围内, 我想再过几年, 我认为这是可以实现的. 我想推荐一个正规滚球网站得等等看. 2012年，推荐一个正规滚球网站当然还没有任何进展. 我只能说这么多.
The EMBA programme offers the opportunity to network with your peers and make mutually beneficial associations. You’ll also have access to the wider 推荐一个正规滚球网站佳奇管理学院 community and the many networking opportunities with University students, 学者和校友.
Personal networks are the most important way to share information creatively and foster new ideas for business success. 有很多方法可以连接到这个生态系统, 包括研讨会, 咨询项目和社交活动.
Tom Martin (EMBA 2016) discusses the unique and special environment of the University of Cambridge.
剑桥的环境真的很特别. 我不太确定那是什么. 但如果我只是谈谈我的经历.
所以它开始于第一周，在入门周. 你发现自己在唐宁学院，和其他人待在一起. 如果你做点调查, 首相府学院的创始人和首相府的创始人是同一位, 推荐一个正规滚球网站的首相住在英国哪里. 所以你开始了解整个英国的真实联系.
然后你被告知推荐一个正规滚球网站有90多名诺贝尔奖得主. 这是90位诺贝尔奖得主. 这比其他任何机构都要多. 当你四处走动的时候，你会不由自主地感觉到, 步行去不同的学院, 这里的环境有些特别.
And then, 在入职周几天后, you get taught economics by a professor that works in the same faculty that Keynes used to work in, 这从根本上改变了人们对整个社会经济的看法. 所以你会开始理解这段历史, 感觉你在一个非常, 非常不同的环境.
And you contrast that fantastic history and heritage with then some of the speakers that we have over evening dinner. And we get talked about some of the challenges on around IT in the NHS to talked about some of the social influences in women’s makeup. 这一对比再深刻不过了, 但它是如此迷人, 如此令人兴奋，我从未想过我会有这样的经历.